Performing Energy Policy. Reconsidering the Role of Energy Forecasts in Policy-Making
Empirically, my proposal builds on a historical study on the use of forecasts and modeling in German and French energy policy and debate. I aim to show that the emergence of energy modeling is intimately related to the emergence of “energy policy” as a new field of public policy. The focus on the performative function of energy modeling also allows for a new understanding of sociotechnical controversies on energy policy. These are analyzed as “struggles of representation”, in which new actors and their problem-framings seek epistemic representation in energy models and political representation in the institutions of energy policy-making. Finally, I discuss the implications of such an approach for analyzing processes of institutional change in energy policy, as well as ongoing debates on energy transitions.