State Driven Agricultural Transformation and Its Impact on Gender Roles in Rural Rwanda
The main objective of this study is to examine how women and men are integrated into the market oriented agriculture production. Furthermore, under what conditions this new production system leads to new gender roles. A mixed-methods design is used and it involves quantitative results from a household survey and in-depth qualitative data collected from March to October 2015.
The first results indicate that constraints and opportunities from a market oriented agricultural production are not similar for women and men. The agriculture sector is highly gendered with women being overrepresented in low paid casual labour jobs. Additionally, in many cases the work burdens for women have been increased while the care work has been shifted to other female household members or domestic workers. Men’s involvement into household chores and care work are still on a low level. This leads to the conclusion that the social and economic transformation does not go simultaneously.