Cash Transfer and Social Assistance Policies Devised As Means to Improve the Consume of the Poorest in Brics Countries
The paper analyses the convergences and contrasts in policies promoted by governments of Brazil, Russia, India, China, and South Africa – the Brics countries – aiming to integrate the poorest in a consumer society and to reduce socioeconomic inequalities, during the last 15 years. It highlights the role of cash transfer policies – that played a major role in Brazil, India and South Africa – and social assistance policies – more relevant in Brazil, Russia, China and South Africa – to make a comparison of the ideas – values, justifications, intended objectives – sustaining these policies in the five countries. It also examines major changes and tendencies in such policies in the period. The analysis places such policies in the broader framework; since each of these countries’ governments has implemented distinct macro policies (in which cash transfer and social assistance played different role) aiming to fully integrate the poorest in a consumer society. The analysis is based in a systematic review of the literature and governments’ documents on these themes.
Baumgartner FR. 2013. Ideas and Policy Change Governance: An International Journal of Policy, Administration, and Institutions, 26 (2): 239–258.