Inequality Despite or Due to Educational Expansion: English Teaching in Rural Areas Versus Big Cities in Poland.
In our two nation-wide empirical studies- one in primary school (age 9-12), second in junior high school (age 13-15)- we have addressed questions concerning English teaching in Polish public schools. In this paper we will aim to identify differences between English teaching in Polish rural areas and cities. Teacher preparation and qualifications often pose a problem in rural areas (Boyd et al., 2003; Monk, 2007), but in our study it did not differ from these in bigger settlements. Socio-economical status (SES) of families and fact of taking additional English lessons were identified as having strong relation with lower English proficiency in rural areas. Moreover, we determined that many pupils did not take on additional lessons not because of limited financial capacities of their families, but because of the limited accessibility to the high-quality additional lessons in their vicinity. We will conclude with recommendations of how this situation can be solved to promote equality in education.