Social Inequalities in Chile: What Influences What Is Considered (un)Just?
For this purpose, we analyse results of a survey statistically representative at a national level (N = 2,200), using a set of cards (vignettes) which characterize real persons in society (n = 33), each of which includes a photo of the person and data about his/her education, employment, income and place of residence. This work is framed in an international comparison, based on contributions from a European team, which has applied similar research methods in several countries of the European Union (Penissat et al., 2015). We will present the first results of the survey, discussing the role and the nature of the judgments about distributive justice and procedural justice in regard to class differences in society. Which principles of justice are used to justify what is considered just or unjust about the differences between the social classes that are perceived by individuals, will lead us to explore in first place their determinants and finally, their consequences on the legitimacy of social order.