Environmental and Social Impact Assessment of Golf Tourism: A Social Participatory and Multicriteria-Based Process Applied in Southern Spain
In recent decades, southern Spain has experienced an explosion of golf tourism. Favorable climate and a wide tourist offer of Andalusia has made a major golf destinations. However, the construction of the golf courses and the accompanying tourist developments are assuming enormous pressure to local ecosystems suffering environmental, social and economic. Although an strategic planning for reduction of risk and impacts is needed in the studied area, it is also necessary, and urgent, taking decisions in order to restore the balance socioeconomic and environmental
This paper shows the main results from a methodological proposal for the assessement of impacts within an ESIA based on participatory and social justice criteria applied on a golf-based tourism project in Huelva (Spain). This methodological approach is structured into four main phases: 1) Creating the stakeholders’ platform; 2) Preliminary identification and assessment of impacts; 3) Categorizing and reducing the selection of impacts; 4) Assessing and prioritizing impacts using MCDA.