Social Sciences and the Making of Brazil's Intangible Cultural Heritage
These policies carry the creation of the National Program for Intangible Heritage (Programa Nacional de Patrimônio Imaterial) and procedures for intangible heritage´s identification, register and enrollment. The description and labeling of social practices as “intangible cultural heritage” demand the knowledge of culture experts, like architects, historians and mainly anthropologists. This work presents the analysis on the making of the intangible cultural heritages by the uses of social sciences’ concepts and methodologies. Those uses imply the intermediation between social sciences and state requirements, and the enrollment of social scientists in cultural heritage´s advocacy. Simultaneously, it could imply in a lack of perception on power relations and conflicts entrenched in social practices, promoted and even celebrated as “heritage”. Moreover, these social scientists contribute to establish otherness, defining the “people” and his “traditions” to be safeguarded, so distant in relation to elite patterns, resources and practices.