How to Get Towards a Sustainable Future? Examining the Opportunities of Local Communities in Conflicts over Agro-Industrial Projects
This paper argues that the combination of an actor-centered political ecology and approaches from social movement research is fruitful to shed light on this research gap. The integration of both theoretical traditions allows an analysis of the opportunities of often marginalized local communities in a conflictual constellation of actors which is shaped by unequal possibilities to control the social dealings with nature. The usefulness of such an approach is empirically demonstrated by the comparison of two cases of local social protests against extractive projects in Peru which ultimately successfully prevented the implementation of these potentially devastating projects.
In order to understand the possibilities of local communities to shape their livelihoods in a sustainable and inclusive manner, the paper, hence, shows that it is necessary to consider the power relations with regard to the social control of nature.