Migration Success As an Indicator of Migrants' Well-Being
In my paper I will present a different way to measure well-being in the context of migration, by taking subjective migration success as a key variable. However, contrary to the widely spread practice to operationalize migration success by a summarized evaluation of one’s migration project, my paper underlines the necessity to take into account the initial reasons and objectives of the individual migration project, and their fulfillment within it. It seems to be fruitful to conceptualize migration success in the intersection of (objective) status and (subjective) evaluation both of the migration project in general, and the multiple aspects of goal attainment in particular. Based on quantitative surveys among immigrants from former Yugoslavia and Turkey carried out in Vienna, Austria, the paper confirms the capacity of migrants to produce well-being under conditions of poverty and marginalization; furthermore, data analyses emphasize the particular relevance of specific goals such as future related investments an achieved autonomous life-course as key variables of success.
These empirical insights strengthen the argument that policies should basically be oriented in increasing migrants’ capacity for individual and group-related self-realization.