Study on the Spaces Where Handicrafts Associated with Mothers Are Exhibited
- As the Spaces for Self-Actualisation to Connect with Society and Others
in the Residential-Industrial-Commercial Mixed Land Use Area in Kobe-
Hyogo and Nagata wards, KOBE, Japan, one of the areas suffered heavy damage from Hanshin Awaji Earthquake hit in 1994, is the residential-industrial-commercial mixed land use area. In this area, it is remarkable the diminution of spaces like shops, retails and factories supporting the regional economy. Through the action researches since 2005 for this diminution, it is found that handicrafts associated with mothers have been exhibited in various spaces like residences, shops, retails, and factories in this area.
The purpose of this study is to clarify the role of spaces where handicrafts are exhibited on the connection between mothers and society both spatially and socially. In terms of spatial analysis, this study focuses on both user of space and handicrafts exhibited in spaces. The social analysis applies the forms of capital defined by Pierre Bourdieu in 1986. This approach figures out a space as which capital for a user. This analysis also applies the interviewing of mothers creating handicraft in this area.
In terms of spatial analysis, it is found that handicrafts have been exhibited in shops along shopping streets where regional community exists. In there, shopkeepers exhibit handicrafts mostly presented by frequent customers. In terms of social analysis, it is found that some mothers create handicrafts to give others for presents and receive presents like foods for given in return in a space. It is also found that mothers create, sell, teach, learn, and interact for self-actualisation in a space owned by others. They profit the space as economic capital, cultural capital, and social capital, regardless of being owner of the space or not. It is also important that some of spaces have been managed both by owner and mothers. The owner and users manage the space together as commons for self-actualisation, in other words, individualization.