Housing First: From Local Social Innovation to a New Policy Strategy?
We compare seven qualitative case-studies (conducted within the European research project ImPRovE: Poverty, Social Policy and Innovation) on local initiatives inspired to the Housing First model realised in Europe (Austria, Belgium, Hungary, Italy, Sweden, UK) and US, with the aim to highlight:
- Which are the trajectories of this process of innovation? How is the new approach influencing and how can it be influenced by the different context conditions and welfare models?
- Which policy-making strategies and processes are being successful in promoting innovation? Which are the governance challenges to be faced to transform new ideas into mainstream policies?
- Which actors and coalitions are influencing the innovative/conservative processes? To what extent Housing First has introduced new decision-making processes, promoting (or not) participation and including (or not) new actors or social groups?
The local practices inspired to the original model present some common features, but also relevant differences depending on the local needs, actors and institutional conditions, as regards different aspects: governance coalitions, strategies and styles, funding, target groups, aims and activities.