Is Neo-Liberalism the Best Strategy to Manage Capital-Labor Conflict?
the Italian and Chinese Cases
In this framework, this paper aims to examine first, the role of the State in labor conflicts; second, old and new types of workplace collective actions, namely strikes, in Italy and China as well as their efficacy in labor-capital conflicts.
By joining insights from mainstream social movement theories, namely the political process model focusing on the crucial impact of political opportunities and constraints in shaping engagement in organizations and in collective actions, with insights from industrial relations perspectives, we argue that neo-liberalism represents one the most useful ways adopted by democratic and non-democratic governments for managing capital-labour conflict.
Empirically, we draw on ILO and the Chinese Official Labour Force data to show changing patterns in the use of collective actions, inter-alia, trade union participation rates, number of people going on strikes among the employed population, number of days lost due to strikes, between 1950 until 2012.