The Shadow of Big Data: Data-Citizenship and Exclusion
Within this process "data-citizenship" emerges. Data-citizenship assumes that citizens will be visible to the state through the data they produce. On a general level data-citizenship shifts citizenship from an intrinsic status of a group of people to a status achieved through action. This approach assumes equal possibilities of action for every citizen, even if research has shown that an unequal distribution of participatory potential is unavoidable (boyd & Crawford 2012).
Data-citizenships echoes what was envisioned by Luhmann (2010): When society is defined through the metacode of inclusion/exclusion, persons (of which citizens are equivalent within the legal system) are emancipated depending on their ability of being data producers.
To empirically explore this topic, the presentation will present preliminary results of an ongoing research about the digitalisation process in the Danish public sector. Through the analysis of specific examples we will show how those citizens who do not leave (digital) traces not only appear at the margins or entirely disappear (Bourdieu 1999) in the shadow of big-data.