Gender, Race, and Nationality Differences in Low Wage Workers' Access to Sick Leave
We analyze data collected from over 6,000 low income workers who sought legal assistance, for various complaints, from a local worker advocacy NGO in Washington DC in 2008-2015. Of these, 97% were racial/ethnic minority, 47% were also immigrants; overall 46% were women. To assess implementation of local paid sick and safe leave law, all clients were asked about access to, and use of, paid sick days. Initial findings show, for example, women were twice as likely as men to report being denied a requested sick day, with immigrants of both genders denied more than non-immigrants, and immigrant women denied the most. Open-ended questions reveal incidents where women lost their jobs when they took time off to take a sick child to the doctor or hospital. Our paper provides a multivariate and intersectional analysis of the data, and the larger workplace and policy issue.