Trends in Employment and HRM Practices: The Influence of New Technologies
Based on the assumption that the organisational changes are shaped by different socioeconomic and cultural factors, the aims of this presentation were to identify and discuss the internal and external factors that shape organizational changes in firms in Portugal, and the influence of these changes in HRM practices. Centering our discussion on two levels of analysis - macro and micro – our aims were carried out using documentary analysis and case study methodology. The former mostly to analyse the demographic changes on employment and the latter to analyse HRM practices in firms linked to technology-intensive sectors.
Our main findings show a tendency to reduce job posts, but on the other hand, the demographic pressure makes the workers hard to replace, which has reflections in the employment/unemployment rate. At an organisational level there is a tendency to adopt more flexible organisational structures combined with more advanced in HRM practices Some of this practices can include factors as flexible work forms, functional flexibility, education and training, and organisational policies.