Social Determinants of Health Anxiety after the Fukushima Nuclear Accident: Child and Maternal Health Study.
Methods: The survey targeted 3-years children (born in 2008) and their mother who lived in Nakadori 9 municipalities of Fukushima Prefecture. This panel survey was conducted three times from 2013 (N=1,026).
Results: We classified the respondents according to trajectories of health anxiety. Resistance or Resilience (initially moderate or severe anxiety followed by a sharp decrease: 18.5%), Recovery (initially moderate or severe anxiety followed by a gradual decrease: 24.2%), and Chronic Dysfunction (moderate or severe and stable anxiety: 53.7%). We found that lower SES (education and spouse’s occupation) was associated with chronic health anxiety.