Multilingual Practices and the Transmission of the Mother Tongue in Families of Moroccan Origin in Germany and France – a Biographical Evaluation of Language Learning Policies
Departing from a case study of a family of Moroccan origin in Germany, this presentation will depict the different experiences the family members have made concerning language learning from the 1960’s until today. It will address the following questions: How did Morocco’s colonial past shape the family’s experience of multilingualism even before their migration? Which strategies did the family develop in order to learn and pass on both the German and their mother tongue to their children and grandchildren? Are these strategies themselves an object of intergenerational transmission, i.e. are they repeated by the younger generation? What relevance did their mother tongue have during different stages in their individual life courses in Germany: In preschool, the education system or the employment sectors? We will discuss these questions from a gender-centered as well a transnational perspective. Furthermore, this presentation will base on interviews collected in France among families of Moroccan origin, thereby opening a French-German comparative perspective regarding the place of multilingualism in different European countries.