“Change Is Inevitable” – on the First and Second Generations of Tibetan Monks in India and Nepal
Tibetan monasticism in exile clashed with cultures of countries giving asylum had to adjust and learn how to deal with cultural diversity, technological innovations, and capitalism. Along with institutional changes, transformation of monks’s attitude have occurred as well. The first generation had to primarily face many difficulties so that today it could be responsible for conveying the tradition and knowledge to newborns. Youths born in exile don’t have to traverse the Himalayas with all their families and possessions. They are born in safe places where they can practice Tibetan Buddhism freely. All they have to do is learn from the elders. How this knowledge transfer is happening? With what kind of effect? Is social cohesion among Buddhist monks in exile preserved? What is the relationship between the first and second generation in exile? These questions are subject of this presentation. Presented thoughts are based on a four-year research conducted among Karma Kagyu monks in India and Nepal.