Returning to Places of Pain? Impact of Local War-Time Violence on the Post-War Refugee Returns in Bosnia
In this paper, we go a step further, by focusing on the impact of the local war-time violence (killing and property destruction) on the likelihood of the post-war return of Bosnian forced migrants. We have already established (Stefanovic and Loizides 2017) that refugees who experienced war-related loss of significant other are less likely to return. In this study we combine our 2013 Bosnian representative survey sample with two new data sources (2013 Bosnian Census and 2013 Bosnian Book of Dead database) to test for the effect of contextual factors on the likelihood of return. We discuss the implications of our findings for theoretical explanations of refugee return migration and for policy interventions that could help the refugees who choose to return to places of pain.