Europeanisation and the Emergence of ‘New’ Knowledge-Based Occupations
The overall aim of this paper is to discuss the possibility of the emergence of researchers as a professional group in the framework of the knowledge society and the European Research Area (ERA). To be a researcher in Europe is something quite vague, hardly linked to the concept of a ‘profession’. To discuss this further we will approach the general concept of what can be defined as a ‘profession’, using the contributes of the sociology of professions (Freidson, 1986, Johnson, 1972; Larson, 1977) and assuming that professional groups are different from occupational groups. Using the Portuguese case as an example, based on content analysis of public policies and national statistical data, the paper sustains that competition is the main value underlying the creation of this profession and precariousness questions the idea that knowledge legitimates a differentiate statute and privileges of a professional group in society.