Towards the Emergence of a European Civil Disobedience Movement for Climate Justice? the Case of Ende Gelände
These infrastructure blockades have multiplied, reflecting a progressive climate disobedience escalation in various European countries, including the UK, the Czech Republic or Germany. However, these blockades often happen within national lines, echoing difficulties to construct narratives and networks that would span borders. The recent success of Ende Gelände (“here and no further”), a cross-border massive civil disobedience action against coal mining in Germany, raises questions on the ways activists can achieve transnational civil disobedient mobilizations. In other words, how did Ende Gelände manage to attract activists from all over Europe and what can we learn from it?
Drawing on literature review, interviews and participant observation, this presentation seeks to offer findings on the internal factors (e.g. organizational structure and mobilization networks, framing and values, action repertoires) potentially fostering transnational mobilization capacities. These capacities are essential in order to achieve greater visibility and legitimacy. In particular, we argue that the movement managed a successful framing of the issues at stake, relying on a systemic approach of climate struggles. We also acknowledge a certain “mass effect”, acting as a way to convince civil disobedience first-timers to increase their level of engagement.