Rural Enhancement through Panchayati Raj(A Socio-Economic Study of Rural Upliftment in Rajasthan)

Tuesday, 17 July 2018: 09:22
Oral Presentation
Main objective of Indian government is overall development of country since independence. Seventy percent population is rural based and its economy is based on agriculture. In this context government of India thinks that how to develop agriculture and rural economy.

Keeping this thought in mind the Panchayati Raj Institutions were introduced under the 73rd Amendment Act of Constitution of India. Rural development includes to strengthen the democratic structure of society through Panchayati Raj Institutions (PRIs). It also includes steps to improve the rural infrastructure, income of rural households and the delivery system leading to education, health and safety mechanisms.

Rajasthan has the distinction of being a pioneer in accepting the schemef democratic decentralization envisaging a three-tier system of representative bodies at the village, block, and district levels. The system later came to be known as Panchayati Raj, which was inaugurated by the Prime Minister Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru on 2nd October 1959. Panchayati Raj system is important agency for rural areas in Rajasthan which are related to the enhancement of rural socio-economic situations. So that PRIs can make availability to the dream of rural administration and rural enhancement with complete co-ordination and transparency. For this purpose the PRIs has provided a citizen charter, provision of gram Sabha at the bottom level of society, right to information and panchayat members who are elected by the rural people and the election process includes class wise reservation which is strictly followed. These factors are responsible for the enhancement of rural areas. By keeping these above mentioned factors. I have done research work of Southern Rajasthan, India.

Key words : Rural, economy, panchayati raj, enhancement, reservation