To Share or Not to Share? the Maker Movement and Agroecology As Cases of Collaborative Collective Action
Our paper sets out to unpack some of the arguments and debates that are emerging in the context of the novel sharing economy scenario. We will begin by presenting a theoretical and genealogical analysis of what we understand for collaborative collective action. We will then examine the empirical continuities and disruptions with regards to previous forms of cooperation.
Our analysis will be based on the comparison of two a priori dissimilar case studies: the maker movement and agroecology. The former constitutes the epitome of innovation, new technologies and open source code. The latter rests on tradition, sustainability and responsible consumption. We argue that despite their marked differences in terms of origins, trajectory and goals, both have developed a certain “politics of sharing” and have managed to satisfy individual and collective needs while pursuing the principles of equality, justice, horizontality and the reconstruction of the commons.
Data will come from a qualitative study conducted between 2017 and 2018 in the Basque Autonomous Community through in-depth interviews, non-participant observations and the analysis of secondary sources.