Risk Perception, Attitudes Towards the National Energy Choice and Climate Change Among Japan, UK, Norway, Germany and France
The European four countries survey was a part of large EU project-EPCC, and Japanese survey was done by National Institute for Environmental Studies. Each survey was fielded between May and June 2016, using almost same questionnaires. Each sample size was over 1,000 adults, randomly selected nationally representative samples.
- A) Risk perception on climate change, policy support: people in this five countries are very much worried about climate change. More than 60% respondents in all five countries chose “We are already feeling the effect (of climate change).” Less than 16% of respondents see the causes are mainly “natural process”, rather than human activity.
- B) Nuclear power generation as a favorable energy source: Japan’s distribution is very like EU three countries, very high response rate in negative options. UK public is relatively positive in nuclear power.
Attitudes and risk perception towards the climate change and nuclear power are very much similar in Germany and Japan, but political consequences are different. We have to explore another factor for explaining this. Economy is the possible factor for this. Germany enjoys better economy, while Japan is suffering worst economic situation ever, people support economic over environment, according to our survey.