Young Indigenous People and Their Work Expectations in High Vulnerability Contexts: Case Study in the Tenango De Doria Municipality in the State of Hidalgo, México.

Tuesday, 17 July 2018: 11:18
Oral Presentation
David Francisco RAMIREZ, Universidad Intercultural del Estado de Hidalgo, Mexico
Adriana GUTIERREZ, Universidad Intercultural del Estado de Hidalgo, Mexico
Servando GUTIÉRREZ, Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana, Mexico
Clara Elena VALLADARES, Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana, Mexico
Even in 2017, there are two countries that coexist in Mexico: one poor and behind, and another relatively prosperous and with a view aligned with modernity. Data on the federal distribution of extreme poverty are eloquent. In many states of the middle and north of the country it decreases, while in others it remains and gets bigger. There are areas where extreme poverty is virtually irreducible: Chiapas, Guerrero and Oaxaca, as well as some regions of Veracruz, Hidalgo and Puebla. The compelling questions are: Why are there abysmal differences if Mexico it is a single jurisdictional unit and a nation-state consolidated with policies and institutions common to all? Why there? Why not in other states?

Some reasons for the gap between these two Mexicos point to several causes of poverty and secular backwardness of the deep south: widespread informality in economic activities and its low productivity, existential attachment to farming economies, cultural resistance, poor education, lack of entrepreneurship behavior, absence of infrastructure, lack of rule of law, corruption and violence, as well as limited urbanization without which it is impossible to increase productivity and social welfare; the persistence of a large percentage of the population in the countryside, dispersed in thousands of tiny and disjointed, settlements in very fragile ecological conditions (poor soils, high slopes, water scarcity).

In this context, the final results of the research carried out in Tenango de Doria municipality, located in the "Otomí-Tepehua" indigenous region, are presented, in which it is investigated if the idea of "studying for a better future" has become a myth; or if they consider that their ethnic and social condition restricts their future expectations not only in the education scope but also in the workforce.