Varied Informality in Transnational Firms.
State initiatives designed to promote the influx of foreign capital have overridden (through poor enforcement) many of India’s labour laws in the past two decades. This has given rise to a situation where despite unprecedented grown in the GDP since the 1990s, there has also been an increasing informalization of labour in India (Jhabvala and Standing, 2010). Ironically, corporations which are unambiguously part of India’s formal sector and are infused with foreign capital which allow them to create lavish organizational campuses, are the very ones in which labour informality pervades (Nigam, 1997). We explore the ways in which informalization is prevalent in low-wage service sectors and the impact of this employment arrangement on the lives of workers. We also explore the diverse manifestations of informality and varied employment relationships present amongst the three groups of workers we studied – drivers, housekeepers and security guards. We trace the training requirements which workers face as a result of the informality they face.