Nordic Fields of Higher Education. Stable and Similar Social and Gender Structures across Time and Space
The stability and similarity of the structures are even more remarkable given that all systems have gone through rapid transformations during the last two, three decades. There has been a very pronounced expansion, due to both establishment of new institutions and growth of existing institutions. The systems have also been subject to profound organisational changes including adoption to the Bologna process, increased internationalisation, and an augmented emphasis on efficiency, competition and market orientation. In short, the systems appear to have been transformed from cohesive and standardized systems, administered largely within the state, into larger, more diverse and complex national and international higher education landscapes. The puzzle of the stability of the recruitment patterns in times of transformation will be further developed in our presentation.