Political Economy of Resource Allocation: Emerging Issues of Sanitation in Urbanising Himalaya
The paper stresses upon the need for comprehensive incisive strategies vis-à-vis sanitation in urbanizing Himalayan region. A workable strategy has to be formulated keeping in view the social structure and political economy of resource allocation. The underlying rationale of the proposed is to resolve the multiple unresolved paradoxes between increasing wealth of nation-state and declining state services, increasing sanitation needs of fast growing populations, especially in the urban areas and declining capacities of the municipal corporations to meet the unmet sanitation needs.
This paper, based on empirical study of Shimla city in north-west Himalaya argues that mountains have historically been the source of forest wealth and water to the peoples of plains but political expediency and political economy of the state its own urban structures have suffered on account of resource constraints. While the increasing population- both the permanent residents and floating population- tourists, labour force etc. considerably adversely affect the services, the unequal distribution of resources among different classes of population leave deep rooted perpetual effect on municipal services.