Feminist Praxis in People’s Republic of China
To adequately theorize local feminist praxis, this paper takes a bottom-up, rather than top-down, approach. It argues that such an inductive approach must recognize women’s political participation in rural governance as a primary site of feminist struggle in the Chinese context. It further argues that it is imperative to analyze both the macro forces and micro processes that have shaped women’s political participation. At the macro level, this paper identifies forces such as the feminization of agricultural labor, increasing inequality between rural and urban sectors, and the invisibility of women’s presence in electoral politics. At the micro level, it demonstrates that efforts to advance rural women’s political participation must challenge and transform local norms and practices that continues to perpetuate gender inequality in public and private spheres. This paper contributes to global dialogues on transnational women’s movements by discussing the accomplishments, challenges, and sustainability of a community-based feminist praxis.