Dilemma in Indian Democracy
What are the problems that dilemma of democracy has created in our society?
The core issue is what is the root cause of discrimination, exploitation and oppression in Indian democracy?
Whether Indian democracy is having success or failure in the last 70 years?
Do Indians really deserve Democracy?
In the quest for explanations to the aforementioned questions, various factors and forces responsible for sustainability of the system have been examined/ evaluated:
- Voting behaviour based on parochial identities during elections
- Governability and dissent
- The issues and challenges like casteism, communalism, corruption, criminalisation, regionalisation, sub-regionalism, regional leadership, regional sentiments, regional parties, migrants, movements, adivasis, transgender, dalits, youth, children, minorities, inequality & injustice, poverty, unemployment and violence etc.
- Inefficacious programs, policies, plans, schemes aiming to various sections of society
- Democracy based on distribution and devolution of powers
It is pertinent to mention here that dilemma in present-day Indian Democracy is prevailing. It is widely accepted and recognized that despite of various efforts by the successive governments, democracy has failed to fulfil the expectations of the people and also to eradicate poverty, injustice, social evils and inequalities from the society.
This paper attempts to examine the various controversies viz. defining the democracy, contextualizing Indian democracy, democracy in action, election process, parties, constitution, secular democracy and religion based politics, economic development and problems of nation-building process etc.
For strengthening, survival and sustainability of the democracy, efforts have been made to study and evaluate the party system, voting behaviour, federalism, institutions, governance and foundations of Indian Politics by analysing ground realities of Global and Indian economy in the larger perspective of the state, society and system.