The "Headscarf Affaire(s)" in Italy: A Socio-Juridical Analysis of Institutional Practices and (non-)Policy
This presentation will analyse the "hijab affairs" in Italy focussing on some cases and practices of exclusion and the following institutional management of the case. Evidences will be shown that the management of the cases is mostly local, sometimes informal, never "scaled up" to the national arenas (if not with procedural regulations). In most cases, a local practice of exclusion is managed either informally or by regional administrative courts. The evolution of jurisprudence shows an increasing acceptance of discrimination, but also a persisting "local treatment".
As a consequence, rights are never affirmed in a clear way, and are mostly conceded here-and-now. Conflicts are retained at local level, but never really solved, provinding the grounds for the risk of enduring and repeated discriminations.