Atypical Employment Forms and Health Inequalities – Multiple Job Holding As Mental Health Risk?!
In our contribution, we explore the pathways linking atypical employment to social health inequalities. Thereby, we focus on employees with more than one job (multiple jobholders) and investigate the health risks of different types of multiple jobholders.
Data refer to the German BiBB/BAuA-Employment-Survey. We analyzed data of 1‘318 female and male multiple jobholders. Cluster analyses reveal eleven types of multiple jobholders. This typology is based on data on the economic situation, the professional status, the weekly total working time and the age of the employees. The data indicate that the different types of multiple jobholders follow a core-periphery stratification. In the peripheral area multiple jobholders have a combination of different social disadvantages and hazardous working conditions, while multiple jobholders in the core area have mainly a high-quality employment situation including job security, and appropriate salaries. Furthermore, (mental) health differentials are unequal distribute among different types of multiple jobholders.