Addressing the Complex Challenges of Globalisation: Union Strategies in the Shipping and Automotive Industries
This poses challenges for trade unions seeking to protect workers and stave off the associated downward pressures on employment terms and conditions.
This paper explores the response of the ITF and national trade unions (representing seafarers in both the developed and developing world) to changes in employment practices within shipping. In parallel, it considers the implementation of International Framework Agreements (IFAs) across the automotive industry and the responses of trade unions in Brazil to downward pressures on terms and conditions in this kind of industry. In doing so, it sheds light on the discussion of the political success of such strategies in securing worker protection and in maintaining the capacity of trade unions to successfully negotiate workers´ demands.