Process-Sociological Concept of Power and Democratization and Its Empirical Implications
Based on this understanding of the concept of power, one could grasp the degree of ‘functional democratization’ in different more or less democratized societies. The direction of processes of functional democratization indicates the growing distribution of all available power resources between all members in a society. On the contrary, processes of de-democratization could gain the upper hand if the power resources in a society become increasingly monopolized by a specific ‘sector’ and institution or group of influential individuals. Process-sociologically viewed, these two processes are taking place at the same time in all human societies. The question to be addressed is who among the carriers, advocators and supporters of two opposing processes could gain the upper hand at the end: the processes of democratization or the processes of de-democratization.
In this presentation, I will introduce this concept of power and the related process-sociological model of democratization and de-democratization. The empirical implication of such a concept and model will also be discussed.