Labour Market Matching Processes of Immigrants in Canada – Results from Case Studies in the Health and Information Technology Sectors
The analysis also focuses on how immigrants present and document their foreign qualifications and skills to employers. The selection mechanisms and proposal criteria of further qualification measures by employers and education providers to immigrants are investigated. The analysis incorporates discussion regarding the theoretical concepts of signalling (Spence 1973) and screening (Stiglitz 1975).
Following a maximum variation sampling (Patton 2001), the case studies were conducted in the health and information technology sectors, which vary in their degree of regulation and their occupational requirements. In addition, the analysis considers the geographical differences between Canadian provinces and institutional frameworks. In each case study at least two employees with a migration background and two recruiters are interviewed to gain a multi-perspective analysis. Further, documents regarding relevant organizational structures, recruiting strategies and support measures for the integration of immigrants into the enterprise are analyzed. The results aim to make an empirical contribution regarding the relevance and provision of information in the recognition of foreign qualifications and skills and in doing so to support the stakeholders involved in this process.