Social Movements in Brazil- from 1988 to 2013-2018: Two Different Political Cycles

Thursday, 19 July 2018: 18:30
Oral Presentation
Maria da Gloria GOHN, UFABC-Federal University of ABC, Brazil
This work aims analyzing a striking period on political, social and economic situation in the history of contemporary Brazil highlighting two moments: 1988 and 2013-2018. The first focuses on the social rights enshrined in the Constitution of 1988 and the second covers the period of 2013 to 2018, as regards the rights of individuals and groups to participate in different spheres of civil society and public policy. Highlight the achievements of citizenship rights in 1988, the transformations that have occurred in the period and the emergence of new social movements conservatives in 2010 decade. The paper seeking to draw a horizontal line to articulate three issues: the different types of social rights demanded and implemented; the gains and losses in terms of civil participation in public policies; and the transformations of the actors on the scene in the streets in protests. The look on the actors highlights the networks of activism that has built since 2013 events focusing on: what are the subjects in the public scene, forms of organization, the repertoires of social and political action, mobilization, strategies and demands. Three issues are investigated: 1- What were the advances and retreats of the citizenship rights to celebrate 30 years of the Brazilian Constitution (1988-2018)? 2- What are the social bases and inspiration of the brand-new conservative groups (Brazil Free Movement, Comes Out to Street (Vem Pra Rua), etc.) and the brand new autonomist groups (Free Pass Movement and high school students), 3-what happened at the 2010 Classic old social movements (unions, struggle for land, housing etc.) and with the new social movements (cultural identity-gender, race, ethnicity, etc.)?