The Migrant Knowledge Workers in Italy: A Structural Problem?
The paper analyzes this phenomenon by exploring the quantitative dimension of Italian knowledge workers’migration, also referring to the pre-crisis period. The analysis is articulated both in terms of size of the migration and of estimating economic costs for Italian society as a whole. It also includes a study on motivation to emigrate and on conditions for possible return. It is based on a survey specifically tied to research and innovation, i.e. the knowledge workers in some hard scientific fields. As this situation, by reducing the highest quota of human capital in the country, is likely to have permanent consequences on Italian society, the paper also explores some points for potential return policies of expatriates knowledge workers.