Pluralization and Democratization of Innovation Sources. the Relation between Producers and Users.
The aim of this paper is to highlight how models of innovation in the ICT sector, strongly marked by open and cooperative relationships are likely to promote an appropriation and a widespread use of ICT through the involvement and participation of a variety of social actors. Starting from the relationship established between the technologies and its use it could become possible to think of appropriate ICT policies that facilitate the interconnections between people, ideas and resources in different contexts of action. In fact, many innovation policies, including the European ones, are already based on the assumption that promoting innovative processes requires not only an increment of investments in enterprise activities but also an increasing process of mutual involvement of enterprises, public players, research centers and users. This line of actions goes beyond the well-known triple helix models .In fact the massive entry of innovative collective actors suggests the need to add a fourth helix, which is activated by individual involved in innovative activities for both ethical or utilitarian reasons .