Losing Violence in Translation: Theorising Gender Violence Regimes.

Thursday, 19 July 2018: 08:45
Oral Presentation
Jeff HEARN, University of Huddersfield, United Kingdom, Örebro University, Sweden, Management and Organization, Hanken School of Economics, Finland
Sofia STRID, Centre for Feminist Social Studies, Sweden
Marine DELAUNAY, Centre Emile Durkheim, Bordeaux University, France
This paper critically interrogates the concept of gender violence regime, and how welfare state regimes translate, or not, into gender violence regimes. We begin with clarification of concepts and meanings of welfare/gender system/order/regime, explaining why we focus on ‘regime’. Despite the significance of violence, mainstream social sciences and social theory have often either avoided it or underestimated its importance (special issues Current Sociology, 61(2)2013; 64(4)2016 address such changes in theorising). Welfare state regime research (Esping-Andersen), including gender regimes, has generated different frames, reflecting debate on naming and framing the problem. They have often concluded that some welfare regimes are more women-friendly than others. However, empirical bases for these conclusions often exclude violence and anti-violence responses; welfare state regime research has thereby overlooked one of the most substantial, deep-rooted causes and consequences of gendered inequalities.

The paper utilises existing survey data to examine how changing welfare state regime typologies, developed by Esping-Andersen and taken further by feminist research, translate or not, into a gender violence typology: when violence is introduced, are previous results still valid? We draw on collective work within major research programmes (EUFP6 “Coordination Action on Human Rights Violations” CAHRV 2004-2007; EUFP6 “Quality in Gender+ Equality Policy in Europe” QUING 2006-2011; Swedish Research Council “Feminist Theorizings of Intersectionality, Transversal Dialogues and New Synergies” 2012-2017), and interpret their findings to theoretically address and develop typologies of welfare state regime and gender violence regime.

The paper takes up challenges in taking violence, especially violence against women, seriously by addressing changes in: 1) welfare state structuring; 2) the place of violence in contemporary state regulation, gender relations, and their intersection; and 3) configurations of violence and responses thereto, including criminal justice system responses to violence against women. In sum, the paper critically considers the contribution of the concept of gender violence regime.