Re-Defining Women’s Social Status By Optimal Matching of Occupational Career.
The dataset used here is “Questionnaire Survey on Occupational Career and Working Style” from JILPT. This dataset was collected in 2013, and contained each respondent’s job data from 15 years old to the survey period by retrospective method. This study created occupational career variable by Optimal Matching method (OM) that is a method of analyzing sequential data. We can get information on what kind of work experiences they have so far, how diverse the women’s working lives are, by using OM. Occupational career was measured by employment status such as regular employment or temporary employment, and including those who are not working. By doing this way, we can properly consider the process of exit from and re-entry into the labor market in conceptualizing the social status.
This study presents three advantages of measuring women’s status by occupational career. First, it needs only the information on occupational career of women themselves. Second, we can measure the status of all women on the same standards with or without husband or male partner. No women are excluded from this analysis. Third, there is a possibility of gender-neutral concept of stratification as this way can be applied equally to men.