Understanding “Neoliberal Spatial Violence” As a New Mode of Production
The empirical evidence purports the “neoliberal spatial violence” as a peculiar type of mode of production due to its embeddedness in the violent processes of capital accumulation. This accumulation process has at least four dimensions. First, this process evicts urban poor from their lands or homes. Second, the very process brings back those evicted poor to live in the commercially built tin-shed slum-houses and forces them to pay a high rent for a 216-252 cubic feet room without any window/ventilation (where 4-7 people usually live) and compels them to share one kitchen, one bathroom, and one toilet with 50-80 people. Third, it forces the poor to live under constant threat to their health and lives and punishes those who appear to be a threat to illegal housing (and drug) business. Fourth, it violently dispossesses the poor from all forms of capital and keeps them in extreme poverty across generations, confining them to a “lifetime prison cell” as tenants.
By reflecting on Marxist spatial theories, Galtung's idea of structural violence, and Žižek's conception of systemic violence, this presentation argues that violence qualifies to become a "new mode of production" in the era of neoliberal globalization.