Family v.s. Career: Negotiating Experience and Mobility of Chinese Immigrant Mothers in Toronto
This study aims to explore the lived experiences of Chinese mothers in Toronto regarding to their child care, transition and support network. In the larger project, we interviewed 61 immigrant participants from Mainland China, Hong Kong and Taiwan, as well as some Canadianborn Chinese participants. Seven of the overall participants were immigrant mothers who had gone through child care at their early immigration stage. From these interviews, we found that most of the interviewed immigrant mothers had completed college or above and had a fulltime job in their place of origin. However, after immigration, they changed their career plan due to the challenges such as child care, employment gap, language barrier and family concerns. Some participants reported that they used to have abundant support to parenthood back home, but immigration impacted their support network, which in turn changed their career decisions. Findings provide better understanding on the intersectionality among child care, employment and immigration of Chinese immigrant mothers. Strategies they employed to negotiate between child care and employment also revealed their agency and mobility during the transition process.