Fake Information for the "Egg Aging" Propaganda: The Role of Experts and Journalists in Its Emergence, Authorization, and Radicalization
This paper traces the history of the belief and explores how it emerged, progressed, and spread as authorized “scientific” knowledge by focusing on the graphs frequently used to support the “egg aging” discourse.
A literature survey revealed the following facts that exemplify the role of traditional experts and journalists in creating the “post-fact” phenomena. The graphs, seemingly quoted from the scientific literature, were actually fabricated, falsified, trimmed, or misinterpreted. Doctors manipulated graphs, supported it with unreachable citations, and provided insufficient or distorted explanations about the data and methods. These techniques are being used in the field of obstetrics and gynecology since the 1980s. Journalists have recently contributed to the propaganda, using sensational language to polish the message. During the development and radicalization of the discourse, no social mechanism was performing the fact-checking function. The “egg aging” propaganda, endorsed by medical authorities, aroused people’s feeling about the alarming prospect of the country’s low birthrate and shrinking population. It eventually achieved hegemony in public debates in 2010s Japan. (See http://tsigeto.info/fak/ for details.)