Fathers’ Work and Housework in Japan: Focusing on Deadline Pressure
According to our original data analysis, about one-half of full-time male employees with children under 6 years of age feel that they do not have enough time to spend with their children due to the tight deadlines of work. This “deadline pressure” has a significantly negative impact on their participation in housework on their work days, even if the length of their working hours is limited. It is also remarkable that full-time male employees who do not select their task to undertake tend to feel this deadline pressure; approximately 90% of respondents do assume responsibility for any work asked of them. This mindset is often called “stability of labor supply,” which means workers are expected to always accept work from their supervisors or customers; this attitude is highly prized and quite common in Japan.
Although this hard-working cultural attitude might seem unique to Japan, there must be similar pressures in other countries in which the benefits of intensified economic competitions to pursue short-term are increasing.