Institutional Uses of Dublin Regulation III and the Eurodac Database By France and Switzerland to Identify Foreigners to be Deported
In this paper, after a general panorama of technological instruments created by the European Union (EU), we will focus on the use of Dublin Regulation III, which allows EU member and associated states to deport asylum seekers to another European country which is considered as responsible for their asylum applications. We will then show how Eurodac, a European database in which data of asylum seekers are stored, is utilised as an identification tool in two different ways, which we will call primary and secondary identifications.
Our paper is based on an ongoing comparative research project on institutional uses of European technological tools for identification and avoidance strategies by foreigners to be deported in France and in Switzerland. Methodologically, this qualitative study use documentary analysis (of materials constituted by European and national legal texts, newspaper articles, case law, secondary data), as well as participant observation and semi-structured interviews with administrative officers, lawyers, social workers, representatives of migrant rights organizations, as well as migrants themselves.