Religion, the Churches, and Political Power in Hungary
The Reformation subverted the traditional conception of worldly political power and the differences among the churches in this respect have not disappeared. Attitudes to political power can be assessed by measuring trust in the institutions that represent it. (Offe 2000.)
Studies of religion generally classify countries by their majority religions. (Inglehart 1999.) The first question of the research conducted at Károli University of the Reformed Church in Budapest since 2014 asks whether there are significant differences among the major Christian denominations within a country in the attitudes of their members to state power. If that be the case, then the second question is directed at the source of such differences either in the original doctrines or rather in the local history and present social standing of the various churches.
Three large-sample surveys (of 1000 persons each) have been conducted using and complementing the questionnaire of the European Value Survey. The paper presents the survey results and uses them for the discussion of the specific political cultures of the different denominations, analysing their respective conceptions of state power and democracy in relation to the depth of church membership in the major denominations.