Advances in the Characterization of Global Development Models

Thursday, 19 July 2018: 10:30
Oral Presentation
Gerson BEDOYA, Universidad Pontificia Bolivariana, Colombia
Luciano GALLON, Universidad Pontificia Bolivariana, Medellin, Colombia
The Global Models to explain human development on the planet have been conceived to be important and useful. They are the result of simulation methodologies and paradigms for viewing the world in their macro dynamics, considering many possible causes of the problems that arise, and that, based on historical data, shows how the world will behave in a determined future in different possible scenarios. They were born due to worldwide concern about the impact that human actions would have on the environment, the unsustainability of population and economic growth, and the disappointing results of the programs that governments have repeatedly adopted to combat these ills. The objective of the Global Models is to provide the necessary tools to formulate alternative responses so that humanity moves towards the best scenario. Many have been formulated, but it is necessary to develop others that may serve to analyze specific contexts such as South American or Colombian. Continuing what was presented at the 3rd ISA Forum of Sociology Vienna in 2016, this paper includes the advances in methodology, results and analysis of the realization of a representative inventory of Global Models developed in the last sixty years, which allows to characterize them and identify the components that could be useful for the design and future construction of a System Dynamics model that studies the performance of the implementation of development policies.