Patterns of Same-Sex Partner Choice in Germany
Our empirical analysis focuses on assortative mating behavior. We compare same-sex and different-sex couples with respect to age and educational homogamy. Moreover, the large dataset allows us to differentiate between female and male same-sex partnerships as well as to account for changes in assortative mating over time.
We assume that same-sex partnerships are less homogenous than different-sex partnerships. One reason is that social norms about partner choice do not or only to a lesser extent apply to same-sex couples. More importantly, the pool of potential partners is much smaller for homosexuals than for heterosexuals, so that existing preferences (for homogamy) will be harder to realize. However, over time, we expect an increase in age and educational homogamy of same-sex couples – mainly as a result of increasing opportunities.