Between Education and Depravity. Socialisation in the School Environment
According to the words of such classical sociologists as John Dewey and Florian Znaniecki, the school environment is a specially protected area in which the positive impulses which help shape young people into good citizens should be concentrated and any factors that might hinder achievement of this goal should be eliminated from this area.
In the speech the diagnosis of different types of schools existing in the Polish educational system will be established (middle school//junior high school [*GB/USA], secondary school//high school*, technical college//school*, vocational school) in terms of presence of adverse behaviours in their environment (among others: aggression among youth, aggression of pupils towards teachers, undesirable behaviours). This will allow to answer to two basic questions: 1) whether school educates more or deprives young people more? 2) which of the links of the Polish education system is more effective in achieving educational goals and which is less effective? Not only will different types of schools be analysed in one set period of time but also in various periods of time.
The obtained results will be correlated with the elements of the school normative system, which will provide an opportunity to learn about the institutional determinants of school socialisation. This will also help to answer the next question: whether those responsible for the state of the school environment take measures to strengthen or to weaken the educational effects, i.e. do they pursue the ideals of school as determined by the classics of sociology, or whether their actions go in another direction.
The presentation is based on the quantitative data collected from large samples numbering a few thousand in big Polish cities (which have a population of over 300,000 inhabitants).