Thinking of Social Future: The Paradigms of Theoretical Constructing
The “revolution” paradigm suggests viewing present as a moment on the eve of the arrival of the future, whose models become a dominating subject of the researched are constructed in the opposition to the realities of existing society as its observable object.
The "historical" paradigm brings the research to the systematization and interpretation of the past and the present as its objects, turning the statements about their nature into the formal historical universals where social future is presented only in the reduced form of theoretical idealization.
The "dialectical" paradigm, in its study of the progressive future-oriented social dynamics, focuses on the present as its research object. It constructs the models of the social future as resulting from the resolution of the contradictions in the hidden trends of the present. The application of this approach to the analysis of current version of capitalism allows us to study the emergence of the new forms of social interactions, control and inequality.